how did the greeks defeat the persians

The Greek fleet defeated the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. The Persian Empire was a strong, united force. In conclusion the causes for the Persian defeat in Greece were set in motion by the terrible storms en route to, and the casualties inflicted during, the battle of Artemision that meant the Persians could no longer split their naval force. Written by GreekBoston.com in Ancient Greek History Parola del Passato 17 (1962), 321-32. The Greeks put together a small force, led by the Spartan King Leonidas I and 300 Spartans. The Persian ruler, Xerxes, fuelled by his father Darius' past defeats, vowed to extend the empire further west into the lands of Greece though was unsuccessful. Greek civilization was able to … The sacrifice of the Spartan king and hundreds of troops was significant insofar as it delayed the Persian army’s march. Another factor was that by uniting the city-states, particularly the Spartans and Athenians, it created a skilled, well balanced army that was able to defeat the Persians despite their numbers. Once their supplies lines were cut, the Persian numerical superiority turned into a liability. Through the strategy of … During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. At the time, the two most formidable of the city-states were Sparta, known for their military, and Athens, who was known for its impressive naval fleet. By the way, the Discord is dead and will never live again. The Greeks defeated the Persians in a sea battle led by It is possible that the Greek culture may have developed much differently had the region been taken over by the Persian Empire. A. recent questions recent answers. B. Historia, Band XXXVIII/2 (1989) ? Xerxes never forgot his father's defeat at the hands of the Greeks. Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH, Sitz Stuttgart. 1. c. defeated the Persians, even though they were badly outnumbered a. gave other Greek city-states time to prepare to fight. In 480 B.C. Drag the events to the correct boxes. How did the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire? The real decision came in the following year, 479, when the Persian commander Mardonius turned out to have insufficient troops to defeat a united Greek army at Plataea. That night a tremendous storm destroyed the Persian squadron while the Greeks were safely in port. The Spartans were in charge of the war on land and the Athenians were in charge of the war by the sea. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Much is made of the heroic stand by Leonidas at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. The Greek army defeated the Persians. Favorite Answer. Second, he saw an opportunity to expand his empire westward. and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes How were the Greeks able to defeat the Persians? The Greeks decided to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, so they destroyed the only road through it and built a wall. C. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. The Greco-Persian Wars, which took place from 492 BC to 449 BC, happened at a time when the Persian Empire was at its peak. Greek soldiers started training at a very young age and were all very good fighters and extremely fit. Relevance. By uniting, given the time gained by Leonidas at Thermopylae, and then the naval defeat of the Persians (superior strategy) at Salamis. … the Greeks, being small, had to concentrate on quality instead of quantity. Yet, the Greeks were the ultimate victors by the war’s end. 2. The Greeks sank about 300 Persian vessels while losing only about 40 of their own. As the war progressed, however, the Greeks managed to join forces. In August, the Persian army met Greek troops at the pass of Thermopylae while their ships encountered the allied fleet in the Straits of Artemisium. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. With the Persian defeat came a thriving period of time where the Greek city-states began to really flourish. The Spartans fought to the death, killing as many Persians as they could. Tim D. 1 decade ago . It started in 500 BC, when a few Greek city-states on the coast of Asia Minor, who were under the control of the Persian Empire, revolted against the despotic rule of the Persian king Darius. At the beginning of the 5th century BC, the Persian Empire extended from modern day India to western Turkey and as far south as Egypt. Free e-mail watchdog. The Role of Themistocles in the Greek Defeat of the Persians in 480 - 479 BC. He spent much of his time building his forces to an even greater number than what his predecessor, King Darius, had. Yet in a sea battle near the island of Salamis (SAL»uh»muhs), the Greeks defeated the Persians. After the Persians were defeated at Platea, the Spartans did very little. Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. Xerxes then went home with many of his soldiers but a Persian army stayed in Greece. These conflicts were initiated by the will of the Persian emperors to expand their dominions across the Mediterranean Sea, as well as to eliminate the eventual threat that the Greeks, especially Athens and Sparta, represented to their power. he sent soldiers in 800 ships to attack Greece. They pretended to retreat but lured the Persian ships into the straits of Salamis, where they the Persians were defeated. The Persians still had more soldiers and sailors than the Greeks. Greeks Defeat the Persians and Save Greek Civilization in This Epic Battle. Nor did the Greeks defeat the Persians at Thermopylae but they did delay them for three days. Xerxes had one thing on his mind – to succeed where Darius had failed. he sent soldiers in 800 ships to attack Greece. It seems that the Thespians … The Greeks simply wouldn’t accept the idea of being invaded by another country and they fought until they won. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Ten years later, Persia had a new king – Xerxes. Before the war began, the Persians began moving their way towards Greece. Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones tells Melvyn Bragg the Persians lacked the drive and fervour of the Greeks in the Battle of Salamis. Once the Vale of Tempe was rejected because it could be bypassed, the Greeks settled on the pass of Thermopylae. The first was the sheer tenacity of their soldiers. Initially the Persians won several battles. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. This time the Persians met Greek forces made up of armies and navies from many city-states, including Athens and Sparta. 4 Thuc. Later Alexander invaded and defeated them by his sheer brilliance. 2. Your IP: 167.71.45.142 At sea a detachment of 200 Persian ships attempted to surprise the Greek fleet, but the Greeks, forewarned, engaged the main Persian navy. The campaign had witnessed the Greeks pushed south and Athens captured. He may even have fought at Salamis, just eight years before the … Add your answer and earn points. It was chosen because it could be defended by a relatively small number of Hoplites. Because the spartens were well trained and weren't afraid to die and the persian army was a bunch of random people that were not properly trained and didnt really want to die for thier "god". The Greek commander, Themistocles, then lured the Persian fleet into the narrow waters of the strait at Salamis, where the massed Persian ships had difficulty maneuvering. How did they do it? A. In 500 BC, the Greeks showed the Persians that they weren’t going to allow themselves to be conquered without a fight. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. • The rest of the Persian fleet was scattered, … On land the Persians attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae for two days but suffered heavy losses. Having defeated the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis the Greeks gained the mastery of the seas, and this allowed them to harass and completely cut off the Persian supply lines. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. Aeschylus himself had fought the Persians at Marathon (490 BC). This time the Persians met Greek forces made up of armies and navies from many city-states, including Athens and Sparta. How did the greeks defeat the persians? Yet it was Greece consistently defeating its much larger rival, and ultimately destroying it at the hands of Alexander. Though the Persians ultimately won this conflict, it started to create a sense of unity a… The unity created a well-balanced army that was skilled and could defeat the Persians regardless of their huge number. Have you ever thought about what would have happened to Greece if the Persian Empire were successful in defeating them? The Greeks were aware that the invading force was superior in numbers and believed it was necessary to get the Persians to fight in as narrow a space as possible. Next, the Persians marched on the city of Athens but found that it has been evacuated. Athens and Sparta formed opposing alliances. Once their supplies lines were cut, the Persian numerical superiority turned into a liability. Though both were powerful, they were still divided. In The Persians, Xerxes invites the gods' enmity for his hubristic expedition against Greece in 480/79 BCE; the focus of the drama is the defeat of Xerxes' navy at Salamis. At this juncture the Persians believed they were forced to neutralise the Greek fleet before they could continue the fight on land at the Isthmus. The colonies from coastal regions united in seceding from Persia and the Greeks from the mainland came to help them (Backman, pg124). Regrouping, the Greeks were able to lure the Persian fleet into the narrow waters around Salamis which negated their numerical advantage. In the resulting battle, the Greeks badly defeated the enemy and forced them to flee. The Persians were forced to return home. During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. [ Also present were the 400 Thebans and probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. The Persian army and navy were too weak to win. [ Also present were the 400 Thebans and probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans. 1 decade ago. B. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. In land and sea battles in two separate Wars army stayed in Greece way towards Greece Athens came to. Probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans did very little History ( Washington D.C. 1973,. How were the 400 Thebans and probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans fought alone the. The general Greeks defeat the Persians at a very young age and all. Trilogies, the Persians that they weren ’ t accept the idea of being invaded by another country and fought... 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